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    王揚南介紹啟動1+X證書制度試點的工作考慮
    發布時間:2019-02-19 14:01 來源:
    教育部
    作者:



    教育部職業技術教育中心研究所所長王揚南介紹啟動1+X證書制度試點的工作考慮

    國家職業教育改革實施方案明確提出,在職業院校、應用型本科高校啟動學歷證書+職業技能等級證書制度試點,即我們說的1+X證書制度。鼓勵學生在獲得學歷證書的同時,積極取得多類職業技能等級證書。啟動1+X證書制度試點,是促進技術技能人才培養培訓模式和評價模式改革、提高人才培養質量的重要舉措,是拓展就業創業本領、緩解結構性就業矛盾的重要途徑,對于構建國家資歷框架、推進教育現代化、建設人力資源強國具有重要意義。

    職業技能等級證書是畢業生、社會成員職業技能水平的憑證,也是對學習成果的認定。證書體現崗位(群)能力要求,反映職業活動和個人職業生涯發展所需要的綜合職業能力,全面涵蓋專業知識、職業素養和技能操作,分為初級、中級、高級。院校在試點工作中要進一步發揮好學歷證書作用,夯實學生可持續發展基礎,處理好1與X的關系,堅持育訓結合、內外結合、長短結合,促進書證融通,以人才評價模式改革帶動職業教育質量提升。學生自主選擇參加職業技能等級證書培訓與考核,不作為畢業的限制條件。

    職業技能等級證書是1+X證書制度設計的重要內容,是一種新型證書。職業技能等級證書的開發與實施,將按照“放管服”改革要求,進一步轉變政府職能,健全社會參與機制,面向社會招募培訓評價組織,實行目錄管理,建立退出機制。培訓評價組織對接職業標準,與國際先進標準接軌,按有關規定開發職業技能等級標準,負責實施職業技能考核、評價并證書發放。教育部將聯合行業部門、行業組織,并積極發揮全國行業職業教育教學指導委員會等專家組織作用,定期對職業技能等級證書有關工作進行“雙隨機、一公開”的抽查和監督,對培訓評價組織行為和職業院校培訓質量進行監測和評估。教育部、人社部兩部門目錄內職業技能等級證書具有同等效力,持有證書人員享受同等待遇。

    1+X證書制度建設是一個系統工程,要從試點做起,穩步推進。下一步,我們將會同有關部門共同研制試點方案,堅持政府引導、市場調節,育訓結合、質量為上,管好兩端、規范中間,試點先行、穩步推進的原則,在部分省份和學校,圍繞先進制造業和現代服務業技術技能人才緊缺領域,部署啟動試點工作。

    1+X證書制度體現了職業教育作為一種類型教育的重要特征,是落實立德樹人根本任務、完善職業教育和培訓體系、深化產教融合校企合作的一項重要制度設計。這一制度設計對于解決長期以來職業教育與經濟社會發展不夠緊密的問題,調動社會力量參與職業教育的積極性,深化復合型技術技能人才培養模式和評價模式改革,暢通技術技能人才成長通道,促進就業創業具有重要作用,也是構建國家資歷框架的重要基礎性工程,意義重大,影響深遠。

    試點工作將計劃于2019年3月啟動,從五個領域的證書開始,年內陸續啟動10個左右,在部分地區遴選符合條件的院校開展試點,試點的省份采取自主申報的方式確定,試點的院校采取自主申報和省級教育行政部門推薦的方式確定,未納入試點范圍的省份和院校也可以按照國家有關標準和要求自行開展試點工作。目前計劃2020年下半年進行試點工作的總結,為全面實施做好準備,2021年以后在總結推廣試點經驗的基礎上逐步在更多職業技能領域,在全國范圍內實施1+X證書制度。


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