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    構建現代職業教育“立交橋”
    發布時間:2019-06-05 15:50 來源:
    大河網
    作者:

        伴隨著職業教育水平的不斷提升,我們不僅會有越來越多的職業大學,將來出現一批‘職業研究院’‘職業碩士’也不足為奇。
        □本報評論員夏遠望
        據《中國青年報》報道,日前,教育部批準了首批本科職業教育試點高校更名結果,它們由“職業學院”正式更名為“職業大學”,同時升格為“本科層次職業學校”。其中我省的周口科技職業學院經組織測評后更名為“河南科技職業大學”。
        從“專科”到“本科”,從“學院”到“大學”,高等職業教育高質量發展又邁出關鍵一步。在一年一度的高考即將來臨之際,全國首批本科“職業大學”的誕生,刷新了考生、家長和全社會對高職院校的認識,釋放出國家完善高層次應用型人才培養體系,健全職業教育制度框架,進一步提升職業教育地位和作用的強烈信號。
        長期以來,職業教育處于“進口”“出口”冰火兩重天的境地:一方面,高職招生連年生源不足;另一方面,就業前景卻非常火爆。招生市場“本科熱”“高職冷”,就業市場卻正好相反,這種現象很反常,卻又客觀存在,它暴露出我們在普通本科教育與高職高專教育中存在的一些深層問題和認知偏差,如何糾偏,“職業大學”這個新生事物給了我們很多啟迪。
        高職教育必須打破學歷“天花板”。雖然之前各地有過探索,部分高職高專院校與普通本科高校開展“3+2”分段培養職業教育試點工作,學生在高職院校學習3年后擇優選拔轉段進入銜接本科高校學習2年,獲得本科學歷,但大專學歷仍然是絕大多數高職生的學歷“天花板”。學歷“含金量”不如本科,是導致很多考生和家長不愿意報考高職院校的一個重要原因,這也直接造成了高職招生中的生源質量相對不高、數量相對不足。打破學歷“天花板”,才能進一步提升職業教育含金量,引導更優質的生源進入高職領域。
        對高職的認識要打破思維“舊框框”。在工匠精神越來越深入人心的今天,筆者以為,把專業技術技能人才簡單地歸為“藍領”已經落伍了,焊接我國長征系列運載火箭發動機的技能專家高鳳林,破解“復興號”動車組列車核心技術難題的焊工李萬君,為“嫦娥探月”組配高精度射電望遠鏡的鉗工夏立……這些大國工匠對國家發展、社會進步所起的作用不遜于科學家,深圳職業技術學院請來諾貝爾獎團隊講課,生動說明高職教育也可以成為“高精尖”的代名詞。伴隨著職業教育水平的不斷提升,我們不僅會有越來越多的職業大學,將來出現一批“職業研究院”“職業碩士”也不足為奇。
        高職人才稀缺問題要認真面對。據統計,我國專業技術人才占全部從業人員比例不到十分之一,僅相當于發達國家的三分之一。隨著產業升級和經濟結構調整不斷加快,各行各業對技術技能人才的需求越來越緊迫。這就需要我們把職業教育擺在教育改革創新和經濟社會發展中更加突出的位置。“職業教育和普通教育是兩種不同的教育類型,具有同等重要的地位。”《國家職業教育改革實施方案》中的這句話寓意深遠。對考生而言,考本科還是考高職,將不再是個困難的選擇題,有人動手能力強,富有創造力,有人在基礎理論和科學研究方面有天賦,有人則在生產實踐和社會服務方面更能夠發揮才干,從自身特長出發,從社會需求出發,不盲從不跟風,理性規劃好自己的教育之路、職業之路,才能一步一個腳印成就人生的出彩。

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